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Study suggests that 10K steps can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease death and cancer

According to JAMA Internal Medicine research, walking 10,000 steps per day can reduce the chance of dying from all causes, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all-cause death.

In a study published on Sept. 12, international researchers discovered that higher steps may have additional benefits.

The study used UK Biobank data from 2013 to 2015. This included 78,500 people in the study population. These were adults aged 40-79 years in England, Scotland, and Wales.

Participants, 55% of which were women of average age 61 years and most of them White, were invited to participate in an accelerometer study via email.

Adults in the UK wore Activity AX3 wrist accelerometers. These devices measured daily steps and established step-intensity measures based on cadence.

The median age of their health monitoring was seven years.

Mortality and morbidity were determined through October last year. Data analyses were done in March 2022.

In those years, 1,325 people died from cancer and 664 from cardiovascular disease.

Researchers used statistical modeling to show that more steps per day were associated with lower mortality and incident diseases.

The study found that steps performed at a higher rate of cadence could be associated with increased risk, especially for incident diseases.

The risk of premature death was reduced by between 8% and 11% for every 2,000 steps.

The study has some limitations. For example, the design of the study prevents authors from making causal claims. Covariates were not collected at the accelerometer-wear date. There is a possibility of reverse causation.

Another study, published in JAMA Neurology, found that a person who walks more than 10,000 steps per day and at a higher intensity may have a lower chance of developing dementia.

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